Thursday, November 28, 2019
Much like many other new site owners, you probably opted for shared hosting when you first launched your website. After all, itÃ¢â¬â¢s the cheapest option, and budget is important. However, as your website grows, itÃ¢â¬â¢s important to know when to upgrade to something more substantial. There are plenty of options, and you may have pondered, What is a dedicated server Ã¢â¬â and why do I need one?The answer lies in the reasons for wanting to upgrade in the first place. For example, you may be dealing with a rise in immediate traffic, or anticipating growth in the near future. Dedicated servers are ideal for this, along with their strong enhanced security features and potential positive impact on page loading times.In this guide, weÃ¢â¬â¢ll explain what dedicated servers are, then compare this type of hosting to other common types. Then weÃ¢â¬â¢ll offer some advice on how to decide whether or not dedicated hosting is right for you. LetÃ¢â¬â¢s get started! Dedicated hosting essentially means that your website has its own server all to itself. It offers immense power and flexibility, but usually comes at a premium. As such, its important to do your research before opting to purchase this type of plan.For example, most websites start out with a shared hosting plan but soon grow to exceed that cheap shared plans limits. Your options here could include an upgrade to a virtual private server (VPS) or a dedicated one. Its up to you to weigh up the different options.As you may be aware, shared hosting storesÃ your site on a server with potentially hundreds of others. For personal blogs or very small businesses, this option is sufficient. However, its not the best option for performance, and you also lose out on flexibility because you cant configure things yourself (since you have to share with others).On the other hand, a VPS gives your site its own space, separate from other sites, while still sharing a server. Since your site is blocked off from other u sers, its performance will likely be more consistent. You also get a little more flexibility when it comes to how your server is configured.These types of plans can offer you the speed you need at a lower cost than dedicated hosting, and represent a good middle ground for those looking to upgrade.However, dedicated hosting is the plan of choice if you need the most power for your money. However, as youd expect, the downside is cost, and some run up to three-figures per month. Fortunately, by the time your website needs one to handle its traffic, it may very well be worth it.Why would you need a dedicated server (4 key reasons)?As we mentioned, dedicated hosting is one of the most powerful server plans available, along with cloud hosting. However, you may be asking whether you need it. Lets review four reasons you should consider opening your wallet!1. Your website is growing and needs to be able to handle an increase in trafficIf you anticipate that your website is going to grow qui ckly, it might be a good idea to opt for a dedicated server now. For example, if your site is still using shared hosting when your traffic spikes, its performance could drop significantly. This can be a slippery slope of higher bounce rates and loss of revenue.Ã Its important to give yourself time to migrate your site and settle its performance before any potential problems arise.According to FXBlog, your site should be prepared to handle spikes of up toÃ 30 timesÃ your normal daily traffic, to account for promotions and special events. If youre not prepared, your site could crash or otherwise lead to a negative user experience (UX).2. Security is a concern for your websiteSecurity is important for every website, but especially for those handling sensitive information. This could include confidential emails, credit card numbers, or sensitive customer information. Its crucial to protect this information and your website from viruses, hacks, and other risks.With a dedicated serv er, youre completely in charge of your sites security. This means you can optimize the features you need for the specific requirements of your website and stored files. Of course, youre also responsible for how these features are implemented, but this is one of the benefits of flexibility.However, some hosts offer fully-managed and semi-managed maintenance plans. In a nutshell, you can often specify what both you and your host will be responsible for, which means you can trust an expert with mission-critical functionality, while handling all other concerns directly.3. Youd like your page loading times to be optimalYour page loading times can have a significant impact on practically all aspects of your website. Slow pages can lead to low engagement metrics and high bounce rates. A dedicated server can help you to optimize this aspect of your website as much as possible.On a shared server, you wonÃ¢â¬â¢t have any insight into when the serverÃ¢â¬â¢s resources are being used elsewhe re, which could make your site run slowly. Opting for a dedicated server will guarantee you have the bandwidth you need to enhance your page loading times.4. Having control over your server is important to youThe final reason you may want to choose a dedicated server over other options is a simple one: control. Weve alluded to this in previous sections, but dedicated hosting gives you complete responsibility over how you choose to use your server.For example, youre even free to choose the server software you prefer. If you favor the resource control of NGINX over Apache, you have the power to do so. Plus, you can adjust hardware specifications and install your own operating system (OS).Ã Because of this, dedicated hosting may be an enticing option for advanced web developers, and those with unique and specific requirements.Where can you get dedicated hosting?Youll find that many of the popular hosting companies offer plans on the whole spectrum of complexity and price. This means that youll often find a cheap shared hosting setups and powerful dedicated servers from the same company.Some of our favorites are:Bluehost from $79.99/moA2 Hosting from $99.59/moSiteGround from $269.00/moWhen should you opt for a dedicated server?Now weve gone over some of the benefits of dedicated hosting, lets talk briefly about how to know if its right for you. After all, a VPS provides many of the same features, but at a cheaper price.First, consider whether your site is receiving more traffic. If the numbers are much higher than previously, it may be time to upgrade from your current plan. Your choice will either be VPS, cloud hosting, or dedicated hosting.All three offer the potential for large bandwidths and fast page loading times. However, dedicated hosting has an edge over a VPS when it comes to security, if only because you have absolute control over how the server runs and operates.Ultimately, as with many other WordPress considerations, your decision will depend on the specific needs of your website. Certainly, if budget is no concern, you cant go wrong with a dedicated server. However, much like choosing your very first hosting plan, cost will become a primary concern when making your decision.Conclusion on what is a dedicated serverIf your website is struggling to keep up with an increase in traffic, it may be time to migrate your website to a dedicated server. This is essentially a server that only hosts your site, and not only can it improve your sites performance, but also enhance your page loading times and help you optimize security. You want to have control over every aspect of your server.Do you have any questions about dedicated servers and why you might need one? Ask away in the comments section below!Free guide5 Essential Tips to Speed Up Your WordPress SiteReduce your loading time by even 50-80% just by following simple tips. * This post contains affiliate links, which means that if you click on one of the product links and then purc hase the product, well receive a small fee. No worries though, youll still pay the standard amount so theres no cost on your part.
Wednesday, November 27, 2019
Mise Mise-en-scene in Igby Goes Down Essay Mise-en-scene in Igby Goes Down Essay Igby Goes Down is a film made in 2002, directed by Burr Steers and starring Kieran Culkin in the lead role. This movies cynical and oppressed attitude is expressed to the audience using a variety of mise-en-scene techniques, to wordlessly explain the true intentions of the characters, who are usually caught up in a carefully maintained faÃ ¯Ã ¿Ã ½ade. Due to this, the actors portraying these characters have utilised many performance techniques to subtly convey true meaning and to generate emotional and intellectual response in the audience. The establishing scene of the film is the chronological end of the events within it, and so it offers a great deal about the story through mise-en-scene and performance. The shot opens on a grand, polished mahogany door, with gold gilding and a golden doorknob. This immediately shows the audience that the setting of this scene is one of luxury and grandeur, and that its inhabitants are most likely very wealthy from this it is possible to easily infer aspects of the plot and characters, as it is common in films to have such upper-class individuals display obvious signs of self-repression and addictions to prescribed drugs, a socially acceptable addiction. The shot pans from the door, into the room it belongs to, where we see Susan Sarandon lying on a large, antique-looking bed. It is now obvious that the inhabitants of this particular household are wealthy, so much so that they afford to have extravagant tissue dispensers, adorned with the familys crest. The image of a rich, American family is built up in the audiences mind, which allows them to gain certain expectations of what the story will be about, and what the characters will be like by relying on previous movies they have seen. Either side of the bed the audience can see two, distinctly different lamps, and due to the size of the bed and the age of Susan Sarandon it is easy to assume she lies in a marital bed. These two lamps symbolise the differences between Susan Sarandons character and her husband, so much so that they are unable to even choose a uniform lamp to have in their room. This hints towards deep-seated marital problems that audiences have come to expect from similar characters in both film and literature. The audience at this point are being made to ponder on the possible outcomes of such a situation, and thus building up pre-perceptions of the movie. This means that the audience are vulnerable to being manipulated into a false sense of security, and allows the film-makers to shock and surprise the viewer with unconventional plot-twists and turns. From the guttural breathing coming out of Susan Sarandons mouth the audience is made aware that she is dying, and in her deathbed, as it were. The film-makers have placed two large bouquets of dark red, wild roses either side of the bed, playing on an old tradition of leaving a single red, wild rose on the graves of the newly deceased, to stop them from rising from the dead. This very subtle and clever use of mise-en-scene is very telling of Sarandons character; It firstly tells us that she is not well loved by the people she knows, as due to the large number of roses it is obvious that no one wants her coming back from the grave. The sheer number of roses is also very telling, as it could demonstrate how although it usually only takes one rose to keep the dead in their place, this woman requires dozens, implying two things; that she is greatly disliked, and that she is a wilful, guileless woman, who wouldnt even let death get in her way. As the camera pans across the rest of the room we see two young men, her sons, are sitting on the bed, looking at her. Neither looks particularly concerned, implying either they have no heartache over her dying, or they have already come to peace with it, which further implies that her death has been a long-time coming, or planned. The next shot is the first of Igby, the central character, in a mid-close-up shot. Igby looks up from the bed and at his mother in a manner that suggests he is incredibly bored and resentful of the situation and his mother. This single look instantly tells the audience a lot about their relationship, and that their turbulent affiliation with one another will act as a key theme for the movie. This supports the impression of a rich, dysfunctional family that the audience have gained so far. The first words of the film are uttered by Igby, in the same MCU shot; Why couldnt she have been a fucking smoker? This is a puzzling line, delivered in a dead-pan manner that will be associated with Igby throughout the film. The first words of the film seem to clash with the situation, as an audience would not suspect a son to wish smoking upon their dying mother. From the slouched posture and impatient tone, it is easy to understand Igbys feelings when it comes to the death of his mother; he merely wants it to be over with, and responds to this want with the perfectly logical thought that if she had been a smoker, she wouldnt be taking so long to die. This sentiment also tells us a lot about Igby as a person, showing him to be a cynical, sarcastic teenager, with little thought for social convention or for what other people think. This is used to show the contrast with his brother, Oliver, who staunchly replies to Igby that This has nothing to do with her being in such wonderful shape in the equally dead-pan, yet more condescending tone of his brother. This is indicative of Olivers nature, presenting him as some who will even flatter a dying woman who is seemingly unaware of his presence, and thus displaying him as an un-ashamed brown-noser, who is only concerned with outward affluence. Oliver is dressed in a fine, tailored suit, tie done up to the top, gold cufflinks and polished shoes. Because of this the viewers can determine that Oliver is far more comfortable in the extravagancy of his lifestyle than Igby, who, although is dressed in a similar suit has an air of scruffiness about him; his tie done up incorrectly, his top three buttons undone and a tear in the arm of his jacket. This furthers the image of Igby as a rebellious and acerbic teenager. The contrast between Igby and his brother conveys to the audience how very different they are, and hints at how Igby is probably considered the figurative black sheep of the family, which would tie in with his loathing of his mother and is apparent discomfort with the situation as a whole. Deducing from the title, and what has happened so far in the film the audience can determine that much of the narrative will take place from Igbys point of view, and will deal with his alienation from his family and his disgust at the society they belong to. It is also worthwhile noticing that any close-up shot of Igby will only contain him, and everything behind him will out of focus or distorted in someway. This technique is present throughout the film and gives a visual aid to Igbys lack of interest and his typical teenage self-obsession. As the scene progresses the situation becomes obvious, the two sons are killing their mother under her instructions, but due to the fact that she has built up a tolerance to most kinds of drugs she has not suffered from the overdose as intended. This is pointed out by Oliver in an aggravated tone that shows him to be a character who does not like to fail; something that we can assume from what we know is inherited from his mother. As she continues to not die, Igby and Oliver bicker regarding insignificant events that happened many years in the past, such as Oliver breaking Igbys toy train. This bickering is made to appear typical of anytime the two brothers are with one another, and continues to display how dysfunctional this family is, and how much Igby seems to resent Oliver for always being the favourite. This all makes it obvious to the audience of Igbys place in the family, implied by language to be Dads son, as opposed to his mothers son, a metaphorical way of showing the audie nce that Igby takes after his father, not his mother. This apparent family divide is made all the more strong by the unexplained absence of the father of Oliver and Igby. Overall, the opening five minutes are incredibly foretelling of the events to unfold in the movie, and give the audience a clear picture of what Igby, Oliver and their mothers character are like. This movie uses mise-en-scene and performance to cleverly and subtly explain the movie before it has even began.
Sunday, November 24, 2019
Charles X of France essays When Charles X ascended the throne (1824) he was 67 years old. He had become bigoted and set in his ways. However, the people of France seemed to welcome his ascension due to their jealousy over the British Monarchy. Had Charles X perhaps been more accommodating to the needs of the ordinary people of France, or acted more subtly, his reign promised to be a successful one. So why was it that it lasted only 6 years (1824-30)? One of the mistakes that Charles X made was his failure to reconcile the gains of the revolution with the Ultras. This may have caused some conflict. Charles X, who was the leader of the Ultras, was open about the connection and made it clear that the aims of the Ultras went against the Charter and many of the main gains of the revolution. For example, the revolution had gained freedom of the press, of association, of speech and movement, as well as careers being open to talent and equality before the law. However, the Ultras wanted a return to a feudalistic system where strict censorship of the press was enforced, and aristocratic privileges restored. The prospect of these aims being gratified was abhorrent to the people of France, hence their suspicions of a monarch so obviously in favour of the Ultra movement. These suspicions grew when Charles X began to put some of the aims of the Ultras into practice. For example, the re-admittance of the Jesuits into France, the disban ding of the National Guard and civil militia and the re-establishment of censorship of the press. The French people were scared of a return to the unjust era, which preceded the revolution of 1789. One of the fears of the French people was that Charles X would recover the estates that used to belong to the migrs, as this was an aim of the Ultras. However, Charles X did not do so. He instead compensated the migrs in 1825, which confirmed the current lan ...
Saturday, November 23, 2019
How to Calculate Normality of a Solution The normality of a solution is the gram equivalent weight of a solute per liter of solution. It may also be called the equivalent concentration.Ã It is indicated using the symbol N, eq/L, or meq/L ( 0.001 N) for units of concentration. For example, the concentration of a hydrochloric acid solution might be expressed as 0.1 N HCl. A gram equivalent weight or equivalent is a measure of the reactive capacity of a given chemical species (ion, molecule, etc.). The equivalent value is determined using the molecular weight and valence of the chemical species. Normality is the only concentration unit that is reaction dependent. Here are examples of how to calculate the normality of a solution. Key Takeaways Normality is a unit of concentration of a chemical solution expressed as gram equivalent weight of solute per liter of solution. A defined equivalence factor must be used to express concentration.Common units of normality include N, eq/L, or meq/L.Normality is the only unit of chemical concentration that depends on the chemical reaction being studied.Normality is not the most common unit of concentration, nor is its use appropriate for all chemical solutions. Typical situations when you might use normality include acid-base chemistry, redox reactions, or precipitation reactions. For most other situations, molarity or molality are better options for units. Normality Example #1 The easiest way to find normality is from molarity. All you need to know are how many mole of ions dissociate. For example, a 1 M sulfuric acid (H2SO4) is 2 N for acid-base reactions because each mole of sulfuric acid provides 2 moles of H ions. 1 M sulfuric acid is 1 N for sulfate precipitation since 1 mole of sulfuric acid provides 1 mole of sulfate ions. Normality Example #2 36.5 grams of hydrochloric acid (HCl) is a 1 N (one normal) solution of HCl. A normal is one gram equivalent of a solute per liter of solution. Since hydrochloric acid is a strong acid that dissociates completely in water, a 1 N solution of HCl would also be 1 N for H or Cl- ions for acid-base reactions. Normality Example #3 Find the normality of 0.321 g sodium carbonate in a 250 mL solution. To solve this problem, you need to know the formula for sodium carbonate. Once you realize there are two sodium ions per carbonate ion, the problem is simple: N 0.321 g Na2CO3Ã x (1 mol/105.99 g) x (2 eq/1 mol)N 0.1886 eq/0.2500 LN 0.0755 N Normality Example #4 Find the percent acid (eq wt 173.8) if 20.07 mL of 0.1100 N base is required to neutralize 0.721 g of a sample. This is essentially a matter of being able to cancel out units to obtain the final result. Remember, if given a value in milliliters (mL), its necessary to convert it to liters (L). The only tricky concept is realizing the acid and base equivalence factors will be in a 1:1 ratio. 20.07 mL x (1 L/1000 mL) x (0.1100 eq base/1 L) x (1 eq acid/1 eq base) x (173.8 g/1 eq) 0.3837 g acid When to Use Normality There are specific circumstances when its preferable to use normality rather than molarity or other unit of concentration of a chemical solution. Normality is used in acid-base chemistry to describe the concentration of hydronium (H3O) and hydroxide (OH-). In this situation, 1/feq is an integer.The equivalence factor or normality is used in precipitation reactions to indicate the number of ions that will precipitate. Here, 1/feq is once again and integer value.In redox reactions, the equivalence factor indicates how many electrons can be donated or accepted by an oxidizing or reducing agent. For redox reactions, 1/feq may be a fraction. Considerations Using Normality Normality is not an appropriate unit of concentration in all situations. First, it requires a defined equivalence factor. Second, the normality is not a set value for a chemical solution. Its value can change according to the chemical reaction being examined. For example, a solution of CaCl2 that is 2 N with respect to the chloride (Cl-) ion would only be 1 N with respect to the magnesium (Mg2) ion. Reference The use of the equivalence concept. IUPAC (archived).
Thursday, November 21, 2019
Analyses - Research Paper Example Research is a key part of our heritage at Nestle and an essential element of our future. We know there is still much to discover about health, wellness, and the role of food in our lives, and we continue to search for answers to bring consumers good food for good lifeÃ¢â¬ (http://www.blurtit.com/q4289961.html). Ã¢â¬Å"Nestle strives to be a leader in nutrition, health and wellness, with the belief that good food is central to health and wellness. At the Nestle Research Center, nutrition research meets food innovation to bring consumers of all ages and stages of life, foods and beverages that contribute to health and wellness, while offering remarkable taste and convenienceÃ¢â¬ (http://www.blurtit.com/q4289961.html). The more consumers continue to make food or beverage choice, Nestle is always available in such situations to assist in selection for everyoneÃ¢â¬â¢s taste and lifestyle preferences. At Nestle, research is part of the key elements of the companyÃ¢â¬â¢s heritage and is an essential component of CompanyÃ¢â¬â¢s future. At Nestle, discoveries resolve to provide wellness, health, and the role of food peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s lives. That is reason we continue to hunt for more answers to bring consumers Good Food for Good Life. Nestle shows recognition of consumerÃ¢â¬â¢s sincere and legitimate interests in the CompanyÃ¢â¬â¢s beliefs, behaviors, and actions and as such, Nestle understands that without the customers the Company cannot exist. Nestle believes in general legislation of rule as is the most effective tool for safeguarding responsible conduct (Letmathe, 2004). However, additional staff guidance in form of voluntary business principles is beneficial since it meets the highest stan dards through organization. Nestle maintains a conscious fact that, a corporationÃ¢â¬â¢s success reflects management and employee professionalism, responsible attitude, and ethical code of conduct. The corporate values of Nestle display that this Company understands that the lifeblood of
To what degree are these representation positive,negative, or politically mixed - Essay Example Television is embedded into culture and therefore significantly explains the observed gradual transformation of the social order through centuries. In respect of the Sex and The City (2003), Ã¢â¬Å"A WomanÃ¢â¬â¢s Right To ShoesÃ¢â¬ (season 6, episode 9) it is evident that the television technology is one of the greatest players when it comes to social reorganization that has been experienced over the years. It is imperative that some of the terms in this topic of gender under television media analysis are defined to give an insight into the underlying supportive ideas over the subject. Cultural forum is one of the concepts that need clear definition in respect of the existing relationship between television and media. In respect of television technology, the contemporary cultural system of the world undergoes continuous examination by the work of art. Television coverage explores various issues around the world and the aggregate role of this media therefore sums up as either inf ormative or entertaining. The outstanding function of television is its exemplary recognition of the female gender, the minority group and children in the social framework. By transmitting various scenes of socio-political issues across the world, television has significantly opened up the society and is almost initiating a gradual convergence in culture which promotes awareness of women rights and affirmative action. Television discussions are also giving men consideration in terms of fair treatment from the fairer sex as cast by this episode. Sex is represented as a biological concept that distinguishes anatomy of humanity in the society while gender is derived from the social definition. The television has been instrumental in exploring the gender biasness that exists between women and men. In respect of the program line up in the television channels, it is common to find that the timing and planning is strategically formulated in a way that it befits the various audiences. The e merging reorganization of the television content including the soaps, live shows, talks are targeting a given audience with a hint on the work and leisure relationship. The widespread cases of housewives that were common gave the television program managers incentive to come up with family chores related discussions. The concepts highlighted in the episode above gives an extensive family issues twists and the contemporary change of events as far as the gender roles are concerned. Television has been one of the political tools for helping women get their voice heard in the cycle of politics in the society. This is achieved through debates that expose women as the equals of men in terms of political leadership. Social constructionism has played a vital role in helping research remold the grounded theory in social research. The social constructionists have been on the view that knowledge is not created by constructed. The media have the in-depth psychological concepts of its audience a nd this has been an advantage at their disposal in constructing various issues which when passed to the people they perceive as true. Television causes a lot of illusion that cannot be avoided by any person due to the uncensored explanations they provide to support their findings. This has been the force behind the outcry on the unfair gender disparity in terms of various decision making institutions. Political scene around the world has greatly been influenced by
Wednesday, November 20, 2019
Self-Identity Writing - Essay Example At California State University, am majoring in civil engineering. Initially, I came to the University and enrolled in a business course seeking to follow in my familyÃ¢â¬â¢s footsteps. However, business studies proved to be a major challenge to me as it never reflected on my desires and ambitions. My entire family majored in business, and everyone expected me to follow in line. When discussing my career path with my family, I never considered mentioning engineering in a family where business studies had made everyone whom they are. Being a female in a country where men are considered to be the sole sources of authority I never wanted to get into an argument with my parents as this would have elicited social and cultural consequences. To avoid this trouble I came to the United States and enrolled as a major in business. However, my desire and passion for engineering was driven by the love for science. Additionlly, it was inspired by the boundless infrastructural structures in the United States and other parts of the world. Opting to major in engineering was a personal choice though. Initially, I was afraid to address the issue with my parents until my new friends in the United States convinced me to do so. After discussing the issue with my parents, they were more than supporting and they supportive as they encouraged me to seek my dreams and pursue what my heart desired. My educational goals go past the bachelorÃ¢â¬â¢s degree. Currently, the society is becoming increasingly competitive, and education is no longer an option one should miss. In Saudi Arabia, not many women have become successful in a society that favors males to women when it comes to professional success.
Tuesday, November 19, 2019
ASSESSMENT - Essay Example There are, for instance, societies that practice circumcision of males as a way of graduating them into adulthood. On the other hand, there are communities that do not have that kind of practice. When these two categories of people belong in the same team at the workplace and there happens to be acrimony between them, the circumcised person would most likely use unwelcome words on the uncircumcised one to suggest that they are not man enough because they are not circumcised. Cultural clashes can be real horrible experiences at the workplace (Parker, 2013). Supervisors at work have over the years abused the employees working under them only because the employees do not subscribe to their way of thinking. One thing that leads to differences in thinking are the cultural indoctrinations where one believes that everybody else should believe in the things that they believe in (Parker, 2014). A supervisor will tend to frustrate workers that view things differently. They could end up recommending them for sack or demotion and give vague reasons for that while deep inside, they know that the hate they have for such individuals emanates from differences in culture and, in some cases, religion. Those are very common scenarios. Managers of cross-cultural teams always have a lot to do in terms of creating cohesion among employees drawn from sundry cultural backgrounds. The most important thing for such managers is to try as much as they can to inculcate workplace values and ethics that will ensure that cultural diversity is not a source of conflic t and disrespect. Ethno-cultural conflict within the international classroom is a topic that requires a lot of research. There is bound to be fierce conflicts in a class containing people from different ethnic and cultural backgrounds. Teachers and school heads have the duty to ensure that such conflicts do not hamper the learning process and try as much as
Monday, November 18, 2019
Analysis of Bullying in Schools - Literature review Example Bullying has been in existence for decades, and some countries like Australia and England have had bullying problems for centuries. It is only since the 1980s when "three middle school boys" from Norway "committed suicide" (Green, 2007, para.2) as a consequence of repeated bullying. Because of this reason, attention has been placed on the issues of bullying. There has been a great increase in the younger children committing suicide because of bullying which makes these younger people go on violent rampages, it is hardly surprising that public concern with student safety has also led to an increased awareness of the consequences of bullying. Recent research has focused on both bullies and victims in a number of terms but this literature review will focus on research in relation to gender and age, and the accounting for victims and bullies. The research will be focusing on gender as a factor of bullying seeing is there is any difference in the way the girls or the boys are involved in bullying. Age as a factor will be considered and the psychological angles of bullying will be covered. In the research literature, there have been a number of definitionsÃ Ã " Olweus claimed there were two sorts of bullying - direct, wherein the victim is subjected to physical abuse, and indirect, wherein the victim suffers psychological or emotional mistreatment (as cited in Green, 2007, para.1) Gray has defined bullying as repeated damaging actions that were perhaps linked with negative intent (as cited in Attwood, 2004, What is bullying section, para.1). Gender Issues Seals and Young, (2003) carried out a study on the occurrence and relationship of bullying to gender, age, ethnicity, self-esteem and depression, experienced by seventh and eighth-grade students in the northern delta region of the US. The study has shown that there were considerably more male than female bullies, with "twice as many males identified as females identified as bullies" (Discussion section, para.2). Delfabbro et al. (2006) carried out a study on bullying by peers and teachers in secondary schools in South Australia. The results have truly reflected the fact that the boys are "more likely to be the perpetrators of bullying" (Delfabbro et al. 2006, p.72). Ã
Sunday, November 17, 2019
Dancing at Lughnasa Essay Dancing is significant in the play so far because it is the way the Mundy sisters can escape social boundaries and it is a form of self expression for them. Dancing is also the only way they feel satisfaction and take pleasure in life. The Mundy sisters can neither explain nor express their true feelings or desires because of their religion of catholism, therefore they use dancing to fill their desire to break free and give them strength to carry on living the way they do. Dancing also provokes many memories of better times for them, it is one of the two things Michael (narrator) remembers of that summer of 1936, therefore it is a big and reoccurring theme throughout the play so far. The Mundy sisters use dancing as a way to feel satisfaction and take pleasure in life, as soon as the radio Ã¢â¬ËMarconiÃ¢â¬â¢ is switched on we see a different family in the play so far before the Ã¢â¬ËVery fast; very heavy beatÃ¢â¬â¢ begins we see a religious, Catholic bound family who are unhappy and unable to express themselves but as soon as the radio this Ã¢â¬Ësheer magic of a radioÃ¢â¬â¢ brings music to them they all become a happy, ecstatic, wild family in the dancing Ã¢â¬ËAgnes, Rose, Chris and Maggie are now doing a danceÃ¢â¬â¢, we see the Mundy family let go and live the way the feel they should but cannot due to the strict religion of catholism. They long to dance, Ã¢â¬â¢I want to danceÃ¢â¬â¢ but as their religion restricts them they feel embarrassed and too old Ã¢â¬Ëmature women, dancing? Ã¢â¬â¢ to dance or express their feelings and desires, because of the time the play is set in 1936 they would have been seen as to old to get married and therefore we are shown that this is their life from now on. Through dance we see the battle of catholism and paganism shine through. Dancing is significant in the play because it shows us the happiness of the Mundy sisters, their desires to break free and their only way to show their true personalities. They use dancing as a form of self expression, it shows their battle between their fight to stay true to their religion and their urge to explore the pagan traditions. The significant of dancing is different to certain characters with Kate it shows her true self, and in MaggieÃ¢â¬â¢s case it provokes memories and reminds her of what she doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t have but could have if she had only left Ballybeg, and it one of the few things that Michael remembers of his summer of 1936, and links dancing with enjoyment and happiness in that tough time.
Friday, November 15, 2019
Relationship Between Macbeth And Lady Macbeth Philosophy Essay Shakespeare, the Einstein of his time has changed the intrepid minds of many influential people in the Elizabethan era which includes King Edward I. In his greatest play, Macbeth, has showed us that foul is fair and foul is fair in the relationship between Macbeth and Lady Macbeth; revealing the dominant role of women over men. Lady Macbeth achieves great dominance over Macbeths will by shattering his manhood. She conveys that his doubts on the assassination signify his lack of ambition and valour of being a man. She mentions that a real man should not only have boldness to create a tight situation, but should also implement his honourable word. Lady Macbeth then strategically gives the most horrendous example about the smashing of the skull of the baby, which further criticises Macbeths scared attitude which contrast to the majority of women. This provokes Macbeth to act in accordance to his male honour. Shakespeare shows how Lady Macbeth shows her true self as she says in the play Had he not so closely resembled my father, I would have done it. This triple meaning is clearly shown. The first meaning if you look at it literally, it is trying to convey that he looked very similar to her dad which shows full commitment and trust to her parents. This showed how inside of her there is a lot of undivided love to her parents which has disable and caned her, much like any another child would do. However, it may be that because her parents gave birth to her, she is grateful for that and does not want to kill them As Macbeth has been called noble, he would surely give the same respect to Lady Macbeths parents as Macbeth would to his parents and would never think about scratching his parents, let alone kill them. This shows how Lady Macbeth has slowly and careful invaded into Macbeths mind and brainwashed him so much that he does not truly denied the thought of killing King Duncan. This also s hows that Macbeth has not given her anything and so ultimately the relationship is futile and her love is false. The second meaning would be the biblical imagery of God as Lady Macbeth said he which shows that Lady Macbeth thoughts are that the more powerful you are, the more godlike you are. She could not kill God as she did not have enough power. She wanted the lust for power and although she has committed sinful acts like killed a child, she is not in the level where God is and so could not kill him. As Macbeth has been given the title of Thane of Glamis and Thane of Cawdor, she believes that he has power. In spite of this, Lady Macbeth want more and more power and so forces Macbeth to kill King Duncan so that as his equal half in the relationship between Macbeth and Lady Macbeth, in the eyes of the pubic, would ultimately receive more power. This strongly shows how the relationship is not a relationship but is simply a ventriloquist and a puppet, where the ventriloquist is Lady Macbeth where she is manipulating the puppet which is Macbeth so that she can receive the laughter and money, which is very similar to power and greed. The third and most important, is the power of greed that she has truly desired. She single-handedly heavily persuaded Macbeth to kill King Duncan. The perception that Lady Macbeth put forward is very strong as she said I would have done it. This showed that she put it about as an excuse rather than to show a weakness; showing how she did not want to look weak in front of Macbeth which would convey to the audience that in the relationship she wants to be equal or even higher than Macbeth. This competition between each other shows how it is a mere game rather than a relationship made by God as Lady Macbeth is not being serious about it. Shakespeare shows how powerful reverse psychology may cause havoc in a relationship. When Lady Macbeth said When you durst do it, then you were a man she shows how cunningly and deceitfully she is trying to motivate him to do what he was previously going to do. When she says then you were a man, it shows before when he was going to kill King Duncan, he was a man, but now as he has refused he has become much less than a man, a lady who has no place in society. Macbeth who has reached the pinnacle of his courier after many countless, hardworking years and now has been called less than a man even though Kings Duncan addressed Macbeth as noble and also gave him the highest achievement that any man could have: Thane of Glamis and Thane of Cawdor. This shows how demandingly she says a lot of Cruel words which hurts Macbeth but also at the same time using reverse psychology to show to Lady Macbeth that Macbeth can do relentless acts and so is a man. This showed that the relationship is main ly one sided to Lady Macbeth and has used strategic planning to command Macbeth into killing King Duncan. This shows that she understands Macbeth as she knew that Macbeth would question the killing. This shows that in the relationship, Macbeth has true love for her as he had told her his most dire secrets. However, it shows that instead of helping Macbeth out of a dreadful situation, she is using it to her advantage which also explicitly shows than she in manipulating Macbeth. Shakespeare shows how the depiction of extreme acts shows a downfall of a relationship. Dashs the brains out, had I so sworn as you have done to this. This shows how as a woman who has small place in society would uphold her promise even when it is as tragic as killing a baby in a gruesome way, but a man who is respected thoroughly in society would go against his promise. It shows how Lady Macbeth has immense power to crack open the skill and dash the brain out. As child mortality was high, the baby would be considered to be a present of God. The word dash suggest how without a doubt she would do it quickly for her solemn oath and she does not care that she will have to face the wrath of God and also be massively looked down upon in society. This shows how loyal she is and will keep her promise unlike Macbeth. Lady Macbeth is seen as unusual as she admits the situations she had been. This unusual statement contracts the belief that a womens desire is to protect a child and this shows that she is different from the other woman who live their whole life to protect and care for their children. This shows how she has been hiding things from Macbeth and this shows how the relationship from the start of the play sets a countdown to get worse and even worse. The old saying which is behind every successful man stands a strong woman. Surprisingly, it is very true; in his quest for supreme power, he is thoroughly led by his wife. Lady Macbeth strengths his determination and motivate him to commit this sinful murder. This manipulation of Macbeth is clearly shown throughout the play and shows easily how Macbeth fell into the trap of Lady Macbeth of greed and power. Shakespeare is being portrayed as misogynistic to perhaps warn the world that this may happen in the future. This shows how the relationship between Macbeth and Lady Macbeth is like the inside of an onion. It is definitely seen that Macbeth is not hiding anything about himself and has also given his most vital secrets to Lady Macbeth. However, Lady Macbeth is hiding numerous amount of things; one being of dashing the brains out of a baby. Sadly, as you peel each layer, the audience weeps for Lady Macbeth for her greediness and devil like thoughts. With this analysis it is fully seen that Lady Macbeth is manipulating/controlling Macbeth as if he was a ragdoll puppet and also shows that the relationship relies heavily on her thoughts and Macbeth acts upon them mindlessly and cowardly.
Thursday, November 14, 2019
A Feminist Reading of The Last of the Mohicans Ã While most often studied as a romance or adventure novel, the most dominant characteristic of The Last of the Mohicans is overlooked: phallicism.Ã From this phallicism stems Cooper's patriarchal view of society.Ã In the novel, men are symbolically set apart from women by the possession of weapons (the phallic symbol), and men are separated from one another by the size of their weapons.Ã The more powerful the men are those bearing the larger, longer weapons. The main character, Hawk-eye, possesses "...a rifle of great length..." (32).Ã Indeed, the rifle is so long, and so deadly in the scout's hands (he has "...a natural turn with a rifle..."), that he is given the name of 'La Longue Carabine' by his enemies.Ã The scout symbolizes the greatest male power in the novel, and he is therefore the greatest protector of the women as well. Ã As the size of the weapons of the other characters decreases, so too does their generative power.Ã Only slightly shorter than the scout in weapon length are Uncas and Chingachgook, who, while carrying knives, also brandish long hunting rifles. Uncas is the closest to the scout in length, for he carries his former rifle-hearing a shot in the woods, the scout recognizes the shot of Uncas, saying " '...I carried the gun myself until a better offered'" (230).Ã Thus even though Uncas possesses a weapon of substantial length, he still comes up a bit short when compared with the scout.Ã Next on the list of length is Duncan Heyward, who begins the novel carrying a mere pistol, grows in generative power as the story progresses-near the end of the novel he shows he can handle a hunting rifle almost as well as the scout.Ã When the group first leaves ... ...weapon...drawn to his shoulder," the scout preserves the honor of all by killing Magua with a blast from 'Kill-deer' (401). Ã In this novel overflowing with phallic imagery, it is clear that power lies in weapons, and size does matter.Ã Without weapon, Gamut protects no one.Ã Heyward only begins to wield power when he exchanges pistol for rifle. Although a valiant warrior, even Uncas dies after abandoning his rifle.Ã Conversely, Chingachgook keeps his weapon, and remains alive.Ã And Hawk-eye, the most powerful protector, is only vulnerable when he does not have 'Kill-deer' in his hands.Ã In Cooper's patriarchal society, the man with the longest gun is the man who saves the day.Ã When the big gun is gone, however, all of society is vulnerable. Ã Work Cited: Cooper, James Fenimore.Ã The Last of the Mohicans.Ã NY: Signet Classic, 1962. Ã Ã
Wednesday, November 13, 2019
Open Mine Eyes 'Open my eyes and allow me to behold the wealth of each curtained acre. Allow me to stand amidst the true complexity of land and hold me hostage beyond the hand of illustrations. As any mind may have it, such beauty is held too deep, so far away no ordinary soul could see. I ask you to bring forth the beauty of such things. Describe to me, young man, the definition of America . . .' Close your eyes and open your mind. Feel that slightly chilled breeze upon your cheeks, barely rustling through your golden hair. Reach out now and grasp the unknown, hold within your hand the temperament of unrestricted air. Now breathe deeply, and allow yourself to inhale that refreshing sweetness. Only you know that its the cause of the shallow whispering of the world around you. Now, in your mind, open your eyes and look beyond that reach. As far as your eyes can see, lays an open field of amber grain. Acres and acres of an un-chartered beauty. Though, what makes such emptiness beautiful? Behold, the white and scattered clouds, now accented by the blue sky and illuminated by the rays of purple, yellow or pink brilliance from the rising sun beyond the horizon. I witness the world grow smaller. I see, in the distance, the annually alternating colors extending from green and yellow, to orange and brown. A painted portrait of freckled or dimpled ground lies towards the horizon. Look above, a great royalty in heavens plains extending his prided wings over the appreciated air. The eagle watches carefully over his kingdom. Though it may not seem much, he prides himself with the restless content of the waving grain. The mild whispering of the wheat battling each other for unity and for serenity, for direction and for time. Though through this complexity, he watches his kingdom dance. You, alone, stand in his shallow pond of grain. When the wind picks up it creates waves of confusion. The careful breeze pushes them one way, and in restraint they push back. Though when the wind s lets up they have strained so much, when they are released, they lurch into the other direction, creating an elegant swaying motion. The individual composition of form, and with the subtle motions they mold a dance of serenity. You must understand, in order to visualize such beauty, a person must be willing to look further than the word America.
Tuesday, November 12, 2019
The process of translating a book story into film is known as Film or Movie Adaptation. Movie adaptation gives meaning and life to the stories that are confined in books. It is basically spoon-feeding a viewer of scenes and characters in contrast to the tedious imaging demanded of the reader in the written accounts. What is observable in Movie Adaptation is that there are an obvious similarities and differences with written accounts.Primarily, the reason is due to the fact that written accounts are too long to fit into the usual time runs or that although the topic was interesting, it lacked entertaining scenes that would draw a crowd of modern viewers or does not evoked the kind of emotion that is expected of such a situation or incident. That is why stories taken form books oftentimes were not literally translated into films. Story revision however must be done carefully and with a degree of discretion especially involving historical events.Fictional stories can be easily manipulat ed but true stories should stick to the truth (Dudley 95). The Biblical movie the Passion of the Christ based on the historical crucifixion of Christ, true to its nature as an adaptation, had similarities and differences from the written account. Similarities and differences can be observed on the personality and characters of the Biblical figures as well as portrayal or delivery of certain scenes. II. Discussion A. Similarities 1. Biblical CharactersThe most prominent Biblical characters portrayed in the film are Jesus, Mary and Mary Magdalene, Jewish religious leaders, Roman soldiers and Pilate. In the gospels, Jesus is presented as a humble, loving, compassionate and forgiving person whose origin is both divine and human. He was born for the sole purpose of dying on the cross for manÃ¢â¬â¢s redemption (Thompson 1085). In other words, the defining moment of his life is his death through the crucifixion. Mel GibsonÃ¢â¬â¢s movie The Passion of the Christ strictly adheres to the Biblical personality and character of Christ.ChristÃ¢â¬â¢s is never seen as vindictive in spite of the abuses and insults heaped upon him by the persecuting Jews and Romans. His love and compassion goes forth freely as he asks God to forgive them for according to him they do not know what they were doing. He humbly accepted his cruel fate at the hands of his creation.. His love for Mary was extraordinarily communicated through his eyes. But what the movie had enforced in Jesus character was his unbelievable restraint in the midst of angry mobs.His refusal to speak, to call the angels of heaven to save him, or to his divine powers to smite his accusers was very admirable and worth emulating. Another prominent figure of the story is Mary, JesusÃ¢â¬â¢ Mother. The Biblical movie coincided with the written presentation of Mary as a devoted, sacrificing and loving mother, pure and simple at heart. Her compassion and anguish at the plight of his Son and her willingness to surrender to the will of God can make a viewer appreciate Mary more in the movie. Alongside Mary was the devoted Mary Magdalene whose penitent heart showed forth in the movie.Another prominent character from which the popular Ã¢â¬Å"washing of handsÃ¢â¬ idiomatic expression is taken (signifying a personÃ¢â¬â¢s way of removing guilt or participation of an action or decision) is Pilate, the Roman governor of Judea. Like the Bible Pilate is portrayed as a cowardly, fearful man who cannot stand up to his convictions (Thompson 1019). The last groups to have made a deep impact in the movie are the persecuting Jewish religious leaders and the Roman guards. They can be described as the blatant antagonist of the story (Satan is the prime antagonist but his wicked ways were more subtle).The Jewish leaders and the Jews were portrayed as a group of men hungry to see Jesus crucified. These vengeful and hateful attitudes are faithful to the description of the Bible. The Bible clearly said that they even prefer to see Barabas free, the notoriously convicted thief, than to let Jesus escape the crucifixion. Portraying Jews in such a manner arose protest from the other races, especially the Jews, declaring that it has anti-Semitic undertones (Carroll 2004). The Roman soldiers on the other hand were also seen to as cruel.Although not directly involved with Jewish skirmishes on religious matters, they were also eager to take part in the vicious carnage. Some of them however showed signs of a tender side. 3. Dialogues and Setting The entire movie was devoted to the final hours of Jesus on earth. It began with his prayer in the garden at Gethsemane, his arrest at dawn upon the betrayal of Judas, to his being brought before the Jewish Sanhedrin, his appearance before Pilate, his agony on the way to cross and finally his crucifixion. Generally, these scenes are faithful to the Biblical account.Some dialogues spoken fits the biblical statements, such as Jesus words Ã¢â¬Å"Father forgive them for they do no know what they doÃ¢â¬ , as well as the dialogues of Jesus and his disciples during the last supper and many others. The whipping of Jesus on the way to the cross, his being nailed in it between the two convicted thieves , the casting of lots of the Roman soldiers are also found in the Bible. The way Jesus was being scourged and bloodied invoke manÃ¢â¬â¢s deepest sympathy or appreciation for his suffering and passion for humanity.The bible even said that due to flogging Ã¢â¬Å"he was so deformed that he does not resemble like a ManÃ¢â¬ (Thompson 714 ). B. Differences Although the Biblical movie has many similarities with the Biblical story, it also had many obvious differences. Many people may argue that the addition of such a scene may be excused as Ã¢â¬Å"HollywoodÃ¢â¬â¢s artistic libertiesÃ¢â¬ for the purpose of expanding the Biblical text or widening the confines of the story in order to draw more appreciation and understanding of the topic on hand. 1. Portrayal of the crucifixion.The movie was focused on the final hours of Jesus, from dawn to three oÃ¢â¬â¢clock in the afternoon when ChristÃ¢â¬â¢s died. The agony and torture on the way to the cross and ChristÃ¢â¬â¢s eventual crucifixion was shown in a vivid, horrifying detail: flesh come off after whipping, ChristÃ¢â¬â¢s hand was stretch beyond limit when nailed on the cross, constant whipping from beginning to end of the journey, a bloodied ChristÃ¢â¬â¢s keep falling off, and a nailed Christ was turned flat on the ground with such forceful brutality sending a cloud of dust in the air.It was the first time that such a bloody and cruel portrayal of ChristÃ¢â¬â¢s crucifixion ever hit the big screen. Though the Bible did mention whipping and nailing, it did not evoke the same imagery of torture as seen on the movie. The movie seems to be too brutal and full of bloodshed( Carroll 2007). One reason perhaps is because the Bible did not exactly offer a detailed account of suc h event while the main focus of the movie was the crucifixion itself. The problem may be due to the fact that it was easier more to picture what really occurred on screen than on paper.In other words, the emotion of the moment is easily communicated and understood through the big screen. There is a possibility that such forms of cruelty are experienced by Jesus in the hands of the Roman soldiers for Roman soldiers are known to be cruel executioners (Perry 98). What the movie was trying to achieve though is that the viewer will appreciate what Jesus did for them, and not to treat Jesus crucifixion as just another historical event of his life. 2. Scenes not found in the Bible.There are countless scenes not found in the Bible. Some of the notable scenes are: Jesus crushing the serpent with his foot in the Garden of Gethsemane. This scene can never be found in the Bible (Thompson 1017). The significance of the serpent could be that since it is a popular symbol of Satan, it signifies tha t Satanic influences are near, ever ready to dissuade Jesus from fulfilling his supreme mission of dying in the cross . When Jesus crushed the serpentÃ¢â¬â¢s feet, it means that he was victorious over the devil.The scene may help the viewer to realize how hard it must have been for Christ to surrender to the will of the Father with regards to the way he was going to die. A sensitive reader may then appreciate how strong and noble ChristÃ¢â¬â¢s really was. Satan , in the form of a beautiful woman, did came to tempt Jesus to forego his mission in saving men for she argued that it was a burden too hard to bear for a single man. Both the conversation and satanic appearance in the Garden were not recorded in the Bible. What is disturbing in that scene (and in many scenes afterwards) however is that Satan was represented by a beautiful woman.Nowhere in the Bible is Satan portrayed as such though he may Ã¢â¬Å"appear as Angel of Light:Ã¢â¬ It would have been more realistic and relig iously fitting if Satan was portrayed as a male. The scenes on the way to the cross were full of incidents that can never be read in the Bible. For instance, Mary and the traditional Veronica wiping the face of Jesus with a fresh linen handed to them by the wife of Pilate. Although not found in the Bible, this is clearly an accepted tradition in the life of Christ by the Catholic Church.According to traditional Catholic stories the face of Jesus became imprinted in the linen and was then preserved( . The female Satan also kept appearing on the way to crucifixion, obviously taunting Mary. Another scene worth mentioning is that Jesus met Mary on the way to the cross. This is not mentioned in the Bible, nor was it implied that she was there at all. Biblical account tells of the appearance of Mary at a later time, when she stood at the foot of the cross of Jesus with the disciple John at her side.The arrest and trial of Jesus happened so fast so that probably Mary did not arrive until J esus reached Golgotha. In the light of this argument, the much earlier appearance of Mary is a clear deviation of the Biblical account and may not be considered as Hollywood artistic liberties. In the movie the nailing of Jesus on the cross was very brutal wherein the Roman soldiers stretched his hand beyond its limits to match the hole on the cross so that his arms was literally broken. Aside from that, Jesus and his cross was turned together in order to hammer the protruding nail at the back of the cross.It was a very pitiful and painful sight indeed. What was notable and sickening is that amidst that scene is a bird, probably a vulture that plucked the eye of the crucified men. III. Contribution of Movie Adaptation to Biblical Story In the movie the passion of the Christ, the reader was brought into a live and detailed enactment of the sufferings of Christ during crucifixion. Some scenes were added to draw a heightened emotional response which the director or the creator of the s tory believed was originally present in the situation( Dudley 95).But since the movie is based on the Bible which is believed to be the inerrant Word of God, certain scenes not mentioned in the Bible should not be included unless strongly implied, because they may bring confusion or disrespect to the faith from which it was based. Also, Jesus is indeed a historical figure whose events mentioned in the Bible truly occurred so that truth is essential to the movie. III. Conclusion The Biblical movie The Passion of the Christ revolves around the final hours of Christ based on the Biblical story.Naturally, since it was derived from the Bible, it depicts scene mentioned in the Biblical account. However, some scenes were added that can be classified as Ã¢â¬Å"HollywoodÃ¢â¬â¢s artistic libertiesÃ¢â¬ . In some scenes, particularly the nailing of Christ where his hand was stretched beyond its limitation so that it crunched or when the cross from which he was nailed was turned upside down so that Jesus was beneath the cross, the reader cannot help but appreciate what Jesus did. In other words, that scene evokes the rightful emotion of gratitude for what Christ did for men.However, some scenes may not be rightfully expanded but actually deviates from truth like when Satan appeared as a beautiful temptress. Work Cited 1. Dudley Louise and Austin Faricy. The Humanities. New York: MacGraw-Hill, 1973. 2. Carroll, James l. An obscene portrayal of Christ's Passion. Globe Newspaper Company. February 2004. Retrieved November 9, 2007 from http://www. boston. com/ae/movies/articles/2004/02/24/an_obscene_portrayal_of_christs_passion/? page=2 3. Perry, Marvin. A History of the World. New York: Houghton-Mifflin Company, 1988. 4. Thompson, Frank Charles. The Thompson Chain-Reference Bible. Zondervan Bible Publishers, 1983.
Sunday, November 10, 2019
Throughout the history of American literature, stories of the white knight saving the damsel in distress and riding off into the sunset to live happily ever after have plagued our shelves for centuries. The birth of the modern tragedy came in the late 19th century and early 20th century with novels such as Red badge of Courage, and All Quiet on the Western Front. They show the realism of war and the harass tragedy that comes with it. Ernest Hemingway was a product of war himself, serving in the WWI. Some consider his short narrative, A Farwell to Arms to be a reflection on his life during the war. Hemingway uses many themes, including love, faith, war and death in order to turn this story in a modern tragedy for the world to see. Some older writers of literature believe a true tragedy can only depict those with power and high status. As centuries past, the modern writerÃ¢â¬â¢s belief that tragedy may also depict ordinary people in domestic surrounding came to life in stories such as Henrik Ibsen Ã¢â¬Å"A Dolls House. Ã¢â¬ With the emergency of the modern tragedy, Hemingway released A Farewell to Arms. Through out this short story filled with five short narratives, you are taken on a journey through the eyes of a soldier, Frederic Henry, and into a tragic love story. His farewell is from Henry, to the woman Catherine Barkley, whose arms held understanding in the crazy world of the Great War. In the beginning of the book, Hemingway takes the main character, Henry, and introduced him to Catherine Barkley, the women he becomes romantically entangled with. Catherine seems to have a full grasp on the idea of war and the tragedy that comes with it. Henry, whose emotions towards woman have dulled, is rekindled with the emergence of Catherine. Ã¢â¬Å"I had treated seeing Catherine very lightly, I had gotten somewhat drunk and had nearly forgotten to come but when I could not see her there I was feeling lonely and hollow. Ã¢â¬ (41) Henry is describing his first intimation that his feelings for Catherine Barkley are more significant than he has previously felt for other women. The paradox of this occurring is, that Henry has Catherine to care for, and she all ready lost one love in the war. A modern tragedy looks at the average man with an everyday occurrence. Hemingway uses Henry to show the reader what can occur to men in time of war, and how it affects their life. It also shows their struggle to adapt to tragedy. As Italians are losing ground, many soldiers are losing faith and drawing back. Ã¢â¬Å"They were beaten to start with. They were beaten when they took them from their farms and put them in the army. That is why the peasant has wisdom, because he is defeated from the start. Put him in power and see how wise he is. Ã¢â¬ (179) Henry, to the priest concerning the disposition of the Italian army, Soldiers of this Italian army are just regular men, put into this situation. Henry has lost faith in the military, and the war. After fleeing an army, Hemingway brings Henry back to Catherine. Hemingway brings this relationship to the next level of love and ecstasy. Carrying them off too Switzerland, to live carefree form the Italian country they could not return to. Catherine becomes pregnant and Henry comes to the realization that he truly does love this women. Ã¢â¬Å"We knew the baby was very close now and it gave us both a feeling as though something were hurrying us and we could not lose any time together. Ã¢â¬ (311) Henry describing he and CatherineÃ¢â¬â¢s mood in the weeks before the baby is due. Hemingway portrays these main characters in bliss, and the deep love they share with each other. Neither knew that a traumatic conclusion loomed around the corner. In the final narrative of A Farewell to Arms, Hemingway concluded this modern tragedy with the birth of a still born baby to Henry and Catherine. Following this ironic occurrence, Catherine hemorrhaging was too much for the doctors to repair and she quickly faded away. Ã¢â¬Å"But after I had got them out and shut the door and turned off the light it wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t any good. It was like saying good-by to a statue. After awhile I went out and left the hospital and walked back to the hotel in the rain. Ã¢â¬ (332) Hemingway ends this tragic love story of and ordinary man in an ordinary situation, who meets with a heartbreaking loss of a child and the women he loves. He lost a woman, who seems to have an understanding and the ability to shelter him from the world plagued by war. A Farewell to Arms, which Henry narrates after CatherineÃ¢â¬â¢s death, confirms his love and his loss. Hemingway proves his ability to write a modern tragedy in these five short narratives. He uses this ordinary character, Henry, and shows the views of someone who has love and lost. Hemingway uses many themes to show his readers the dramaticsÃ¢â¬â¢ that war can bring to people, and the quirk of fate, which people go through everyday. Man has the ability to lose faith when confronted with adversity, but also can learn to love as he shows when Henry transforms from a man looking for pleasure, to a man that falls in love. A Farewell to Arms is a classic modern tragedy that proves that there is not always a happy ending, and happily ever after doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t occur all the time.
Looking back on history is a great way to learn how to improve the future. America is built on The Declaration of Independence which is a solid foundation for establishing how we should look forward. As we progress, we can use the values and principles of the past in addition to the mistakes they may have occurred and create a better future.Lesson 2: The Best of IntentionsWhen looking back over our historical roots, we need to consider both the good and the bad. This is how we learn. We can look at how some groups of people were mistreated. We can see how we can be a better human race. We can see the consequences of past choices. We can evaluate successes and find ways to make them even better in the future. History is a great model for us on how to prepare for the future.Lesson 3: The Devil's in the DetailsAll historical events are significantly impacted by emotions and attitudes at that time. The same is true today. People's perceptions, biases, opinions, reactions, emotions, and a ttitudes influence the entire culture. These details shape the entire environment of America.Lesson 4: Pivot PointsPivot Points occur in everyone's lives. It is a time when we are faced with a critical decision and we are required to use a great deal of courage or effort to move in a new direction. This year I am attending a new high school for my senior year. I am very nervous about this since I really don't know anyone at the new high school and i feel like I will be completely lost. But I also feel like it is the best option for me and that I need to try my best to be successful in doing this.Lesson 5: Illusion vs. RealityI think Hollywood has distorted people's reality. We see in movies and on TV that every story has a happy ending. We learn from video games that is something is in our way we can just fire bomb it. This is not how reality works. Sometimes we have bad days. Maybe even bad years. There isn't always a perfect solution. Not everyone can win every time. We just have to learn to not give up and to keep trying. Even if today is bad, we can try for a better day tomorrow.Lesson 6: Integrity of the MindPart of life is learning how to trust yourself and the decisions that you make. As we start life we are told how to do most new things by our parents or a teacher. But they are not always there to give us step by step instructions. So at some point we need to start trusting our instincts and intuition to determine how to best solve problems and complete tasks. Our mind is constantly learning and growing. Through experience, we can trust the decisions we make as we become more mature.Lesson 7: Modern American TranscendentalismI actually watched the movie So I Married An Axe Murdered with my dad. He loves this movie and thinks it is very funny. I thought it was pretty weird but I laughed in it as well. The poetry was reallyn strange to me. It didn't seem to have a point. And the coffee bar where they did the poetry reading was very strange as well. I li ked part of the movie. But I dont' really see how that style of poem writing is very influential on the literary world.Lesson 8: The Origins of Fear in LiteratureHalf my family really likes scary stuff. Me, my dad, and my sister love scary movies. My mom and two brothers absolutley hate scary movies. Its funny to watch scary movies with all of us and see how scared half my family gets. I think it's really funny actually.Lesson 9: Fear of the UnknownI asked my parents if they remember September 11, 2001 and what they were doing. They both knew exactly where they were and what they were doing. They then talked about other significant historical events in their lives, like when President Reagan was shot and when the Space Shuttle crashed. I think these are defining moments for the country and people truly unite in times of tragedy. I'm not sure what events during my lifetime are like this. Maybe when Trump surprisingly won.Lesson 10: The Great American NovelI have an uncle that always says he's going to retire and write the next great American novel. I never really knew what he meant by this. I think he is just bored with his life. It does seem like all the great, award winning novels were written a long time ago. I wonder if someone I know or go to school with will end up being the author of the next great American novel.Lesson 11: Examples of CourageAt church someone said that the trials and challenges we face today as teenagers are more difficult than the challenges the pioneers faced when crossing the plains. This really made me think because I always thought I would totally hate to be a pioneer with no home and wondering where we would get food each day. But then I thought about the challenges I face each day with school, friends, temptations to do bad things, etc. I think it is very challenging to be a teenager right now.Lesson 12: No Run-of-the-Mill ManI remember reading To Kill A Mocking Bird and how Aticus FInch never waivered on how he stood for what he believed in. I've had friends like this. They are not tempted to do bad things. They always do what is right. I think these kinds of people are very admirable. I hope I can be more like that in my lifetime.Lesson 13: Most People Are NiceI think my generation is much better about seeing the good in all people and being less judgemental about others. My grandparents generation and even my parents generation seem to have many more biases and prejudices against different races, sexual orientation, opposing political beliefs, etc. I think my generation is much more accepting of differences in people. I think this is a very positive thing and I hope that it makes the world a better place as my generation gets older.English Ã¢â¬â 2nd SemesterLesson 1: Small Towns Ã¢â¬â Big DreamsI have never lived in a small town. But my grandparents came from small towns. I have visited where they grew up and I don't think I could survive. My grandpa was born in a log cabin in Elmo, Utah. He didn't even have running water. I like all of the luxuries of growing up near a Walmart and McDonalds. I feel like it makes it easier to focus on Ã¢â¬Å"big dreamsÃ¢â¬ if I don't have to worry about where I'm going to get water to survive. Living in a civilized community allows me to dream bigger.Lesson 2: The Harlem Renaissance and BeyondBlack writers have had a great influence on literature and arts. I think it is very valuable to learn from their challenges and struggles. I am happy that even though they have had a lot of adversity, they are now becoming very successful. SOme of the greatest musicians, athletes, politicians and business leaders are blacks. They have overcome many obstacles.Lesson 3: Wars and Wars and WarsGreat lessons can be learned from wars. Wars have lead to us being able to enjoy most of our freedoms. Wars have created more equlality. Some wars stem from selfishness. Some wars are fought to overthrow evil dictators. Some wars have good and bad people on both sid es. People fight wars because they are passionate about their belief so much so that they are willing to risk their lives.Lesson 4: Personal Challenges and ChoicesI have had many challenges in my life. When I was four years old I nearly died from Kawasaki's Desease. I lived at Primary Children's Hospital for several weeks until they were able to diagnose my illness. I have had family challenges like my parents getting divorced. I think these things have made me stronger but they were very difficult at the time.Lesson 5: Who Are WeÃ¢â¬ ¦And Who Should We Be?These are some of life's biggest questions. I often wonder what my purpose in life is supposed to be. I think all I can do today is try to be the best person I can with values that can shape the person I want to be. Things like honesty and loyalty are attributes that can benefit me today and for the rest of my life. No matter what I become, these values will make me a better person.Lesson 6: And Where Are We Going?Life is a journ ey and there are many times that I may vere off course. I think each time I get off course, my goal is to try and learn from the experience. Where did I go wrong? What could I have done better? This will help me to navigate better in the future. I can grow from each experience and learn how to be a better person.
Friday, November 8, 2019
How to Compose a Strong Domestic Violence Research Paper Most high school students, as well as nearly all college and university students, are required to write a research paper before their graduation. Because of this, it is vital that all students know the basics of writing such a piece of writing. As the term Ã¢â¬Å"research paperÃ¢â¬ suggests, one of the major parts of working on this type of project involves doing research on the chosen topic. If you are reading this article, we can assume that you have chosen domestic violence as the issue to discuss, or that you are considering choosing this topic. There are several ways to write a research paper that worth attention. One of the best ways to do this is to stay focused. We recommend that you pick your topic first, then do some research, before making an outline (optional) and creating the first draft of your paper. When you are done with your draft, put it through a spelling and grammar checker, have a professor or peer look it over, and read its outline to find any mistakes that you might have missed either. Once this is done, you can focus on the paperÃ¢â¬â¢s formatting and then hand it in! Use Reliable Sources When writing a research paper, it is better to use reliable sources. When looking at them, you may wonder how many of these you need for your paper. This will often be mentioned in your assignment rubric. If the source amount is not listed, you can ask your professor. If they do not give you a required number of sources, it is usually a good idea to have at least one source per page of your assignment. One of the best places to look for reliable sources is your schoolÃ¢â¬â¢s library. It is sure to be full of great books and articles that you can use. Most books (nonfiction) are likely to be reliable sources, especially if they are published by a major publishing company. Knowing if an article is a reliable source can be a bit trickier. When using articles, you should make sure they come from a reliable source like a newspaper or a college publishing. If articles are peer-reviewed, then it is likely that they are reliable. You can also search for scholarly articles using Google Scholar. The articles found there are more likely to be reliable. If you deal with a domestic research paper, in particular, overlook the US Code to get some more valid information concerning the issue. Domestic Violence as a Research Paper Topic When working on a domestic violence research paper, you need to keep in mind that this is a sensitive topic. First of all, you have to learn several definitions of domestic abuse (physical, emotional, verbal, sexual, etc.), the history of domestic abuse, and other related legal terms and examples. If you face any difficulties when searching for this kind of information, the following information could come in handy. Nowadays, domestic violence affects people all around the world making it one of the key issues that worry population worldwide. However, because it affects the lives, you can use first-hand accounts in your paper. Domestic violence can be between parents and children, husbands and wives, and between romantic partners (even if they are not married). If you have no ideas what kind of information to use in your domestic violence research paper or have no idea which topic to pick up, take a look at 10 facts as well as 20 topic ideas we have highlighted for you to use in order to make your writing more in-depth, informative, and interesting to the audience. In conclusion, a research paper is a serious high school or college project that requires serious focus. Make sure your sources are reliable enough, especially when you are to disclose such a difficult issue as domestic violence. Do you need research paper help on domestic violence topics? Our service will assist you with writing immediately.
Thursday, November 7, 2019
Schedule Hundreds of Social Messages With Bulk Social Upload Your marketing team produces hundredsÃ of social messages every month. (Which is AWESOME). But the process of manually uploadingpreviewingeditingAND scheduling hundreds of social messages Across 5 different social networksÃ¢â¬ ¦ Using multiple social profilesÃ¢â¬ ¦. Eats up HOURS of your teamÃ¢â¬â¢s already-limited time. (Which is not-so-awesome). But what if you could bring that process down from hoursÃ¢â¬ ¦ to just a few minutes? Ã°Å¸Ë Where you could quickly upload hundreds of social messages (with just a couple clicks)Ã¢â¬ ¦ Easily preview and edit everyÃ messageÃ¢â¬ ¦ (add finishing touches like images, links, and social profiles) AND then schedule those messages to send at the best time for your audience. Interested?! Introducing Bulk Social Upload from ! AKA the *new* way to upload, finalize, and schedule hundreds of social messagesin a matter of minutes. With Bulk Social Upload, you can: Quickly upload HUNDREDS of social messages to your calendar.Ã The days of spending hours manually uploading a monthÃ¢â¬â¢s worth of social messages are officially over.Ã With Bulk Social Upload, you can upload up to 365 social messages to a new OR existing social campaign with just a couple clicks. Easily preview, edit AND schedule every social message.Ã Just because you upload messages in bulk, doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t mean you care any less about giving each message the attention it deserves. With Bulk Social Upload, you can easily preview and edit every message, and schedule it to send at the best time for your audience. And when Bulk Social Upload makes it this easy to get a monthÃ¢â¬â¢s (!!!) worth of messages on your calendarÃ¢â¬ ¦ YouÃ¢â¬â¢re gonna wonder how you everÃ lived without it. LetÃ¢â¬â¢s get into the deets! Schedule Hundreds of Social Messages With Bulk Social Upload In @Quickly Upload HUNDREDS Of Social Messages To Your Calendar Having to manually copy and pasteÃ¢â¬ ¦ Hundreds of social messagesÃ¢â¬ ¦ EVERY MONTHÃ¢â¬ ¦ Well, itÃ¢â¬â¢s not fun. And itÃ¢â¬â¢s a total drain on your veryÃ precious time. Luckily, thanks to Bulk Social Upload from The days of spending hours manually uploading a monthÃ¢â¬â¢s worth of social messages are officially over. Ã°Å¸Å½â° With Bulk Social Upload, you can quickly upload up to 365 social messages to a new OR existing social campaign with just a couple clicks. With Bulk Social Upload in @, you can quickly upload up to 365 social messages to a newHeres a quick video for those visual learners out there: Not a visual learner? Keep readin to get the exact how-tos.Ã°Å¸ ¤â How To Upload Messages To A *New* Campaign Step 1:Ã Find the day you would like to start your new campaign, and hit the Ã¢â¬Å"+Ã¢â¬ sign in upper right hand corner of that date (or go straight for the large Ã¢â¬Å"+Ã¢â¬ sign in the upper right hand corner of the overall calendar view if youÃ¢â¬â¢re not sure of the start date at this point). Step 2: Select the Ã¢â¬Å"UploadÃ¢â¬ button in the upper right hand corner of the pop-up. Step 3:Ã Choose Ã¢â¬Å"Social MessagesÃ¢â¬ as the type of content you would like to upload. Step 4:Ã Download the CSV template. Step 5:Ã Add your messages to the template! (Pro Tip: Double check that the columns in the spreadsheet have the correct info before you upload it in the next couple steps!) Step 6: Once youÃ¢â¬â¢ve got your messages ready to go, continue the upload process in and select Ã¢â¬Å"Create new social campaignÃ¢â¬ Step 7:Ã Give your new social campaign a name. Step 8:Ã Find and upload your completed CSV file to . Step 9: Once your messages are uploaded, select at least one social profile. (Pro Tip: You can choose as many as youÃ¢â¬â¢d like or just onewe just need to assign the messages to at least one profile for the upload to be successful). Step 10: Let it processand once it does, youÃ¢â¬â¢re ready to start previewing, editing, and scheduling your messages! But weÃ¢â¬â¢ll get to that part of the process in the next section. Ã°Å¸ËÅ Before we jump aheadÃ¢â¬ ¦ LetÃ¢â¬â¢s do a quick how-to if you want to upload messages to anÃ existingÃ social campaign! How To Upload Messages To An Existing Campaign Step 1:Ã Find the large Ã¢â¬Å"+Ã¢â¬ sign in the upper right hand corner of the overall calendar view. Step 2: Select the Ã¢â¬Å"UploadÃ¢â¬ button in the upper right hand corner of the pop-up. Step 3:Ã Choose Ã¢â¬Å"Social MessagesÃ¢â¬ as the type of content you would like to upload. Step 4:Ã Download the CSV template. Step 5:Ã Add your messages to the template! (Pro Tip: Double check that the columns in the spreadsheet have the correct info before you upload it in the next couple steps!) Step 6: Once youÃ¢â¬â¢ve got your messages ready to go, continue the upload process in and click on Ã¢â¬Å"Select existing campaignÃ¢â¬ Step 7:Ã Find and select an existing social campaign. Step 8:Ã Find and upload your completed CSV file to . Step 9: Once your messages are uploaded, select at least one social profile. (Pro Tip: You can choose as many as youÃ¢â¬â¢d like or just onewe just need to assign the messages to at least one profile for the upload to be successful). Step 10: Let it processand once it does, youÃ¢â¬â¢re ready to start previewing, editing, and scheduling your messages! Speaking of whichÃ¢â¬ ¦ Head to the next section to learn how you can preview, edit, AND schedule everyÃ social message in your campaign.
Wednesday, November 6, 2019
Good News Club v. Milford Central School (1998) Can the government make public facilities available for non-religious groups while excluding religious groups - or at least those religious groups which want to use the facilities to evangelize, especially among young children? Fast Facts: Good News Club v. Milford Central School Case Argued: February 28, 2001Decision Issued:Ã June 11, 2001Petitioner: Good News ClubRespondent:Ã Milford Central SchoolKey Question: By excluding the Good News Club from meeting after hours at the school, did Milford Central School violate the First Amendment right to free speech, and if a violation did occur, was it justified by the districtÃ¢â¬â¢s concern the Clubs activities might violate the Establishment Clause?Majority Decision: Justices Thomas, Rehnquist, Kennedy, Breyer, Scalia, and OÃ¢â¬â¢ConnorDissenting: Justices Stevens, Souter, and GinsburgRuling: The school districtÃ¢â¬â¢s restriction did violate the Clubs free speech rights, and that no Establishment Clause concerns could justify such a violation. Background Information In August of 1992, the Milford Central School District adopted a policy allowing district residents to use school facilities for holding social, civic and recreational meetings and entertainment events and other uses pertaining to the welfare of the community, provided that such uses shall be nonexclusive and shall be open to the general public, and otherwise conformed to state laws. The policy expressly prohibited the use of school facilities for religious purposes and required that applicants certify that their proposed use complies with the policy: School premises shall not be used by any individual or organization for religious purposes. Those individuals and/or organizations wishing to use school facilities and/or grounds under this policy shall indicate on a Certificate Regarding Use of School Premises form provided by the District that any intended use of school premises is in accordance with this policy. The Good News Club is a community-based Christian youth organization open to children between the ages of six and twelve. The purported purpose of the Club is to instruct children in moral values from a Christian perspective. It is affiliated with an organization known as Child Evangelism Fellowship, which is dedicated to converting even the youngest children to their brand of conservative Christianity. The local Good News chapter in Milford requested use of school facilities for meetings, but was denied. After they appealed and requested a review, Superintendent McGruder and counsel determined that... ...the kinds of activities proposed to be engaged in by the Good News Club are not a discussion of secular subjects such as child rearing, development of character and development of morals from a religious perspective, but were in fact the equivalent of religious instruction itself. Court Decision The Second District Court upheld the schools refusal to allow the club to meet. The Good News Clubs sole argument was that the First Amendment dictates that the Club cannot constitutionally be excluded from use of the Milford Central School facilities. The Court, however, found in both law and precedence that restrictions on speech in a limited public forum will withstand First Amendment challenge if they are reasonable and viewpoint neutral. According to the Club, it was unreasonable for the school to argue that anyone might be confused to think that their presence and mission were endorsed by the school itself, but the Court rejected this argument, stating: In Bronx Household of Faith, we stated that it is a proper state function to decide the extent to which church and school should be separated in the context of the use of school premises. ...The activities of the Club clearly and intentionally communicate Christian beliefs by teaching and by prayer, and we think it eminently reasonable that the Milford school would not want to communicate to students of other faiths that they were less welcome than students who adhere to the Clubs teachings. This is especially so in view of the fact that those who attend the school are young and impressionable. As to the question of viewpoint neutrality, the Court rejected the argument that the Club was simply presenting moral instruction from a Christian viewpoint and that it should therefore be treated like others clubs which present moral instruction from other viewpoints. The Club offered examples of such organizations which are allowed to meet: Boy Scouts, Girl Scouts, and 4-H, but the Court did not agree that the groups were sufficiently similar. According to the Courts judgement, the activities of the Good News Club did not involve merely a religious perspective on the secular subject of morality. Instead, the Club meetings offered children an opportunity to pray with adults, to recite biblical verse, and to declare themselves saved. The Club argued that these practices were necessary because its viewpoint is that a relationship with God is necessary to make moral values meaningful. But, even if this were accepted, it was clear from the conduct of the meetings that the Good News Club went far beyond merely stating its viewpoint. On the contrary, the Club focused on teaching children how to cultivate their relationship with God through Jesus Christ: Under even the most restrictive and archaic definitions of religion, such subject matter is quintessentially religious. The Supreme Court reversed the above decision, finding that by allowing any other groups to meet at the same time, the school created a limited public forum. Because of this, the school is not permitted to exclude certain groups based upon their content or viewpoints: When Milford denied the Good News Club access to the schools limited public forum on the ground that the club was religious in nature, it discriminated against the club because of its religious viewpoint in violation of the free-speech clause of the First Amendment. Significance The Supreme Courts decision in this case ensured that when a school opens its doors to student and community groups, those doors must remain open even when those groups are religious in nature and that the government will not discriminate against religion. However, the Court provided no guidance to help school administrators in ensuring that students do not feel pressured to join religious groups and that students do not get the impression that religious groups are somehow endorsed by the state. The schools original decision to ask such a group to meet later seems, in light of that genuine interest, a reasonable precaution.
Tuesday, November 5, 2019
The Eponymy Family The Eponymy Family The Eponymy Family By Maeve Maddox The suffix -nym means name. The word eponym comes from Greek eponymos, Ã¢â¬Å"given as a name; bestowing a name on something.Ã¢â¬ eponym: noun. The person for whom a country or location is named. For example, Romulus is the legendary eponym of Rome. SimÃ ³n Bolivar is the known eponym of Bolivia. eponym: noun. A proper name used generically; more loosely, the generic name itself, or any noun phrase of specific meaning which includes a proper name. For example, Marxism: a theory and practice of socialism developed by or associated with Karl Marx; ohm: a unit of electrical resistance. eponymism: noun. the practice of accounting for names of places or peoples by referring them to supposed prehistoric eponyms. In the Middle Ages, writers claimed Brutus of Troy as the eponym of Britain and the British people. eponomy: noun. another word for eponymism. eponymize: v. (trans.) to serve as eponym to. For example, the name Benedict Arnold has become an eponym for traitor. eponymous: adjective. referring to an eponym. For example, Jane Eyre is the eponymous heroine of the novel by Charlotte Bronte. Another word used for eponymous is eponymic. Many eponyms derive from Greek or Roman religious belief and practice. For example, the first six months of the year: January: Named for Janus, the Roman god of gates and doorways, depicted with two faces looking in opposite directions February: Named for Februa, Roman festival of purification held in that month. March: Named for Mars, Roman god of war. April: The name came from an Etruscan word associated with Aphrodite, Greek goddess of love and beauty. May: Named for Maia, the great one,Ã¢â¬ Italic goddess of spring and daughter of Faunus. June: Named for Juno, principal Roman goddess and patroness of women and marriage. Her month is still popular with brides. Many plant names derive from the names of the people who introduced them to their own cultures. The poinsettia is named for Joel Roberts Poinsett (1779-1851), U.S. ambassador to Mexico. German botanist Johann G. Zinn gave his name to the zinnia. Both the begonia and the bougainvillea received their names from Frenchmen: Michel BÃ ©gon (1638Ã¢â¬â1710), and Louis Antoine de Bougainville (1729Ã¢â¬â1811). A plant derivative, nicotine, takes its name from another Frenchman: Jean Nicot de Villemain (1530-1600). A great many discoveries and practical inventions have been named for people who had little to do with them. ThereÃ¢â¬â¢s even a law for that: StiglerÃ¢â¬â¢s Law of Eponymy. University of Chicago statistics professor Stephen Stigler postulated the law in an article published in 1980. The law states, Ã¢â¬Å"No scientific discovery is named after its original discoverer.Ã¢â¬ Here are some examples of the truth of StiglerÃ¢â¬â¢s law: America: named for Americo Vespucci, but discovered by others. Arabic numerals: invented in India. Fibonacci numbers: existed in Indian mathematics a thousand years earlier than Fibonacci. GreshamÃ¢â¬â¢s law: described by Nicolaus Copernicus the year Gresham was born. HalleyÃ¢â¬â¢s comet: observed by astronomers in ancient times. Higgs boson: named for Peter Higgs, but first theorized by Robert Brout and Francois Englert. StiglerÃ¢â¬â¢s Law of Eponymy: derives from sociologist Robert K. MertonÃ¢â¬â¢s postulation of the Matthew effect (another eponym). Merton studied the reward system in science and concluded that famous scientists receive disproportionate credit for their contributions. Conversely, lesser known scientists receive less credit than they deserve. Merton called this the Matthew effect. He took the name from the gospel of Matthew: For unto every one that hath shall be given, and he shall have abundance: but from him that hath not shall be taken even that which he hath.25:29, KJV. In modern, noneponymous terms, Ã¢â¬Å"the squeaking wheel gets the oil.Ã¢â¬ Want to improve your English in five minutes a day? Get a subscription and start receiving our writing tips and exercises daily! Keep learning! Browse the Vocabulary category, check our popular posts, or choose a related post below:The Yiddish Handbook: 40 Words You Should Know40 Fish IdiomsAdverbs and Hyphens
Monday, November 4, 2019
BUS WK4 HOMEWORK - Essay Example The following section discusses the literature review in support of universal precautions and identifies gaps in the research. Research on the topic supports the use of universal precautions over contact barriers. Kirkland (2008) explains that the emphasis on contact isolation in most hospitals is not based on strong evidence. Instead it is based on conventional beliefs about patient safety. Similarly, in an important study Ribner et al. (1986) share the opinion that a more effective substitute to strict isolation may be available in the form of a modified approach based on a case by case analysis. Although they do not recommend doing away with the use of gloves and gowns, their study reveals the potential for developing precautions on the basis of the necessity for preventing the spread of infections in each case. Allegranzi and Pittet (2009) state that hand hygiene is the most important factor in preventing the spread of infections in a hospital setting. Furthermore, Brouqui (2003) is of the opinion that the practice of adopting hand hygiene procedures among hospital staff can be encouraged by the use of alcohol sprays in hospitals. Cepeda et al. (2005) also show in their study that the continuous use of gowns and gloves is likely to increase the transmission of infections. They also state that the use of gloves tends to reduce adherence to hand hygiene practices among health professionals. In addition to cost savings, the research will also study the effects of universal precautions on the emotional well-being of patients. Barratt et al. (2011) explain that the use of gloves and gowns can be restrictive and may act as a barrier to the information and empathy needs of patients. This can result in the patients experiencing greater anxiety and frustration. In a similar research, Skyman et al. (2009) also reported that patients who were isolated for risk of spreading MRSA infection described their experience as a
Sunday, November 3, 2019
Whirlpool Credit Scandal - Term Paper Example The financial arrangement was very profitable since the firm was earning an interest rate income of 18% to 22%. The Ã¢â¬Å"open endÃ¢â¬ notes worked like credit cards that are used for a single purchase. The company during the 1990s expanded its business to include the sale of dish antennas. At the time this was a unique opportunity by targeting homes in rural areas that did not have access to cable television. These dish contracts were the focus of controversy. The company claims that the problems were a misunderstanding, but in reality it seemed that the actions of the salesmen of the company were calculated and were performed intentionally to mislead the customers. The root of the controversy was based on the customerÃ¢â¬â¢s claim that the salesmen told them that the dish antennas were financed on the three year basis, when in reality the company was offering a financing term of five years. The no money down financing offer that the company offered to finance the acquisition of antennas was an initiative that served a social purpose. It helped a lot of poor and lower middle class citizens in rural regions improve their quality of life. Satellite television provided access to hundreds of channels. Rich people could acquire the Dish antennas by paying cash because the $1124 cost was insignificant to them. The problem with these contracts was that they were deceiving customers by hiding the fact that accumulated interest would increase the contract length to five instead of three years. The end result of the Dish antenna contract was that it hurt the economic well being of poor people by keeping them in debt for an extended period of time. One of the lessons to be learned from this case study is that people should carefully read the terms of the written contracts instead of trusting the word of deceptive salesmen. The economic benefit of the case was that the Whirlpool National Financial Bank created a financial tool that allowed poor people and persons wi th bad credit access to expensive Dish satellite equipment. The purpose of the Ã¢â¬Å"open endÃ¢â¬ notes was to facilitate the acquisition of satellite television to American citizens of all social classes. The salesmen of the company entered into unethical behavior when they misled buyers into thinking that the Dish equipment debt would be liquidated in a term of three years. The controversy with the financing became a legal matter. The customers were within their right to seek legal action because they entered into financing contracts under false premises. The executive management team of Whirlpool realized that the company was facing a major legal problem. Lawsuits are an undesirable outcome for companies due to the financial costs associated with the legal process and because the news of a pending lawsuit against a company hurts the corporate image of a firm (Referenceforbusiness, 2012). The out of court settlement that Whirlpool signed to resolve the conflict is the first st ep towards fixing the situation. The firm must now take corrective actions to ensure the problem does not continue to occur. An alternative solution for the company is to restructure its credit offering to eliminate the clause that converted the contract into a five year term. It is not reasonable to charge a customer for five years to acquire a consumer good in the technological industry. The firm should limit its financing terms to a maximum of two years. A way to ensure that the company can keep the monthly payments low for the customers is by lowering the acquisition cost of the Dish antennas. There is more money to be made in the servicing contracts than in sales of equipment. A second solution that should be implemented in conjunction with the first solution identified is to start a new